Download Acquiring Genomes PDF

Acquiring Genomes

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Publisher : Basic Books
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ISBN : 9780465043927
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (43 Download)

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Download Acquiring Genomes in PDF by Lynn Margulis Full Book and published by Basic Books. This book was released on 2003-06-11 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: How do new species evolve? Although Darwin identified inherited variation as the creative force in evolution, he never formally speculated where it comes from. His successors thought that new species arise from the gradual accumulation of random mutations of DNA. But despite its acceptance in every major textbook, there is no documented instance of it. Lynn Margulis and Dorion Sagan take a radically new approach to this question. They show that speciation events are not, in fact, rare or hard to observe. Genomes are acquired by infection, by feeding, and by other ecological associations, and then inherited. Acquiring Genomes is the first work to integrate and analyze the overwhelming mass of evidence for the role of bacterial and other symbioses in the creation of plant and animal diversity. It provides the most powerful explanation of speciation yet given.


Download Dazzle Gradually PDF

Dazzle Gradually

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Publisher : Chelsea Green Publishing
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ISBN : 1603581367
Pages : 282 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (63 Download)

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Download Dazzle Gradually in PDF by Lynn Margulis Full Book and published by Chelsea Green Publishing. This book was released on 2007-08-15 with total page 282 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: At the crossroads of philosophy and science, the sometimes-dry topics of evolution and ecology come alive in this new collection of essays--many never before anthologized. Learn how technology may be a sort of second nature, how the systemic human fungus Candida albicans can lead to cravings for carrot cake and beer, how the presence of life may be why there's water on Earth, and many other fascinating facts. The essay "Metametazoa" presents perspectives on biology in a philosophical context, demonstrating how the intellectual librarian, pornographer, and political agitator Georges Bataille was influenced by Russian mineralogist Vladimir Vernadsky and how this led to his notion of the absence of meaning in the face of the sun--which later influenced Jacques Derrida, thereby establishing a causal chain of influence from the hard sciences to topics as abstract as deconstruction and post-modernism. In "Spirochetes Awake" the bizarre connection between syphilis and genius in the life of Friedrich Nietzsche is traced. The astonishing similarities of the Acquired-Immune-Deficiency-Syndrome symptoms with those of chronic spirochete infection, it is argued, contrast sharply with the lack of evidence that "HIV is the cause of AIDS". Throughout these readings we are dazzled by the intimacy and necessity of relationships between us and our other planetmates. In our ignorance as "civilized" people we dismiss, disdain, and deny our kinship with the only productive life forms that sustain this living planet.


Download Acquiring Genomes PDF

Acquiring Genomes

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Publisher : Hachette UK
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ISBN : 0786722606
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (786 Download)

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Download Acquiring Genomes in PDF by Lynn Margulis Full Book and published by Hachette UK. This book was released on 2008-08-01 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this groundbreaking book, Lynn Margulis and Dorion Sagan present an answer to one of the enduring mysteries of evolution -- the source of inherited variation that gives rise to new species. Random genetic mutation, long believed to be the main source of variation, is only a marginal factor. As the authors demonstrate in this book, the more important source of speciation, by far, is the acquisition of new genomes by symbiotic merger. The result of thirty years of delving into a vast, mostly arcane literature, this is the first book to go beyond -- and reveal the severe limitations of -- the "Modern Synthesis" that has dominated evolutionary biology for almost three generations. Lynn Margulis, whom E. O. Wilson called "one of the most successful synthetic thinkers in modern biology," and her co-author Dorion Sagan have written a comprehensive and scientifically supported presentation of a theory that directly challenges the assumptions we hold about the variety of the living world.


Download How Life Began PDF

How Life Began

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Publisher : University of Chicago Press
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ISBN : 9780226519333
Pages : 296 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (519 Download)

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Download How Life Began in PDF by Alexandre Meinesz Full Book and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2010-02-15 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The origin of life is a hotly debated topic. The Christian Bible states that God created the heavens and the Earth, all in about seven days roughly six thousand years ago. This episode in Genesis departs markedly from scientific theories developed over the last two centuries which hold that life appeared on Earth about 3.5 billion years ago in the form of bacteria, followed by unicellular organisms half a millennia later. It is this version of genesis that Alexandre Meinesz explores in this engaging tale of life's origins and evolution. How Life Began elucidates three origins, or geneses, of life—bacteria, nucleated cells, and multicellular organisms—and shows how evolution has sculpted life to its current biodiversity through four main events—mutation, recombination, natural selection, and geologic cataclysm. As an ecologist who specializes in algae, the first organisms to colonize Earth, Meinesz brings a refreshingly novel voice to the history of biodiversity and emphasizes here the role of unions in organizing life. For example, the ingestion of some bacteria by other bacteria led to mitochondria that characterize animal and plant cells, and the chloroplasts of plant cells. As Meinesz charmingly recounts, life’s grandeur is a result of an evolutionary tendency toward sociality and solidarity. He suggests that it is our cohesion and collaboration that allows us to solve the environmental problems arising in the decades and centuries to come. Rooted in the science of evolution but enlivened with many illustrations from other disciplines and the arts, How Life Began intertwines the rise of bacteria and multicellular life with Vermeer’s portrait of Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, the story of Genesis and Noah, Meinesz’s son’s early experiences with Legos, and his own encounters with other scientists. All of this brings a very human and humanistic tone to Meinesz’s charismatic narrative of the three origins of life.


Download A to Z of Biologists, Updated Edition PDF

A to Z of Biologists, Updated Edition

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Publisher : Infobase Holdings, Inc
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ISBN : 1438183267
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (438 Download)

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Download A to Z of Biologists, Updated Edition in PDF by Lisa Yount Full Book and published by Infobase Holdings, Inc. This book was released on 2019-10-01 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Praise for the previous edition: "...the coverage of women, races, and international history in general make it a good source for exploring the many faces of biologists..."—American Reference Books Annual "...useful..."—School Library Journal "Recommended."—Choice A to Z of Biologists, Updated Edition uses the device of biography to put a human face on science-a method that adds immediacy for the high school student who might have an interest in pursuing a career in biology. This comprehensive survey features more than 150 entries and 50 black-and-white photographs. Each profile focuses on a biologist's research and contributions to the field and their effect on scientists whose work followed. Their lives and personalities are also discussed through incidents, quotations, and photographs. The profiles are culturally inclusive and span a range of biologists from ancient times to the present day. The entries on women and minority biologists especially articulate the obstacles that these biologists overcame in the process of reaching their goals. This title is an ideal resource for students and general readers interested in the history of biology or the personal and professional lives of significant biologists. People covered include: Rachel Louise Carson (1907–1964) Paul Ehrlich (1854–1915) Dian Fossey (1932–1985) Galen (c. 130–c. 201) Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) Shibasaburo Kitasato (1852–1931) Severo Ochoa (1905–1993) Linus Carl Pauling (1901–1994) Rosalyn Sussman Yalow (1921–2011) Lap-Chee Tsui (1950–present) Pamela Silver (1952–present)


Download Back To Darwin PDF

Back To Darwin

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Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
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ISBN : 0802848370
Pages : 449 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (82 Download)

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Download Back To Darwin in PDF by John B. Cobb Full Book and published by Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. This book was released on 2008-02-04 with total page 449 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a distinctive, radical way beyond the quarrels between evolutionary science and Christian belief. Leading scientists, philosophers, and theologians critically discuss the metaphysical assumptions of neo-Darwinism and offer concrete ways of broadening mainstream evolutionary theory. Their open exchange, moderated by veteran process theologian John B. Cobb, presents a holistic case for evolution that both theists and nontheists can accept. Contributors: Francisco J. Ayala Ian G. Barbour Charles Birch Philip Clayton John B. Cobb Jr. John Greene David Ray Griffin A. Y. Gunter John F. Haught Lynn Margulis Reg Morrison Dorion Sagan Jeffrey Schloss Robert J. Valenza Howard J. Van Till


Download The Dark Side of Charles Darwin PDF

The Dark Side of Charles Darwin

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Publisher : New Leaf Publishing Group
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ISBN : 161458009X
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (614 Download)

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Download The Dark Side of Charles Darwin in PDF by Dr. Jerry Bergman Full Book and published by New Leaf Publishing Group. This book was released on 2011-03-01 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A single man stands behind the greatest deception in history. Charles Darwin's ideas still penetrate every aspect of our culture, including science, religion, and education. And while much has been made of his contribution to the evolutionary hypothesis, little has been publicized about the dark side of the man himself and how this may have impacted the quality and legitimacy of his research. This daring and compelling book takes its readers behind the popular facade of a man revered worldwide as a scientific pioneer, and unveils what kind of person Darwin really was. The book reveals disturbing facts that will help you: Perceive Darwin firsthand through the eyes of family and friends, and his own correspondence Discern this darkly troubled man, struggling with physical and mental health issues Uncover his views on eugenics and racism, and his belief that women were less evolved than men Thoroughly documented, this book reveals Darwin's less-than-above board methods of attempting to prove his so-called scientific beliefs, and his plot to "murder God" by challenging the then-dominant biblical worldview.


Download The Origins of Sociable Life: Evolution After Science Studies PDF

The Origins of Sociable Life: Evolution After Science Studies

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 0230242219
Pages : 202 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (23 Download)

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Download The Origins of Sociable Life: Evolution After Science Studies in PDF by M. Hird Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2009-05-29 with total page 202 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This ambitious book considers social scientific topics such as identity, community, sexual difference, self, and ecology from a microbial perspective. Harnessing research and evidence from earth systems science and microbiology, and particularly focusing on symbiosis and symbiogenesis, the book argues for the development of a microontology of life.


Download Biology PDF

Biology

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Publisher : PediaPress
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ISBN :
Pages : 291 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( Download)

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Download Biology in PDF by Full Book and published by PediaPress. This book was released on with total page 291 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Handbook on Evolution and Society PDF

Handbook on Evolution and Society

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 1317258320
Pages : 580 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (317 Download)

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Download Handbook on Evolution and Society in PDF by Alexandra Maryanski Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-11-17 with total page 580 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Handbook on Evolution and Society" brings together original chapters by prominent scholars who have been instrumental in the revival of evolutionary theorizing and research in the social sciences over the last twenty-five years. Previously unpublished essays provide up-to-date, critical surveys of recent research and key debates. The contributors discuss early challenges posed by sociobiology, the rise of evolutionary psychology, the more conflicted response of evolutionary sociology to sociobiology, and evolutionary psychology. Chapters address the application and limitations of Darwinian ideas in the social sciences. Prominent authors come from a variety of disciplines in ecology, biology, primatology, psychology, sociology, and the humanities. The most comprehensive resource available, this vital collection demonstrates to scholars and students the new ways in which evolutionary approaches, ultimately derived from biology, are influencing the diverse social sciences and humanities.


Download The Tangled Tree PDF

The Tangled Tree

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Publisher : Simon & Schuster
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ISBN : 1476776636
Pages : 480 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (476 Download)

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Download The Tangled Tree in PDF by David Quammen Full Book and published by Simon & Schuster. This book was released on 2019-08-06 with total page 480 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this New York Times bestseller and longlist nominee for the National Book Award, “our greatest living chronicler of the natural world” (The New York Times), David Quammen explains how recent discoveries in molecular biology affect our understanding of evolution and life’s history. In the mid-1970s, scientists began using DNA sequences to reexamine the history of all life. Perhaps the most startling discovery to come out of this new field—the study of life’s diversity and relatedness at the molecular level—is horizontal gene transfer (HGT), or the movement of genes across species lines. It turns out that HGT has been widespread and important; we now know that roughly eight percent of the human genome arrived sideways by viral infection—a type of HGT. In The Tangled Tree, “the grandest tale in biology….David Quammen presents the science—and the scientists involved—with patience, candor, and flair” (Nature). We learn about the major players, such as Carl Woese, the most important little-known biologist of the twentieth century; Lynn Margulis, the notorious maverick whose wild ideas about “mosaic” creatures proved to be true; and Tsutomu Wantanabe, who discovered that the scourge of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a direct result of horizontal gene transfer, bringing the deep study of genome histories to bear on a global crisis in public health. “David Quammen proves to be an immensely well-informed guide to a complex story” (The Wall Street Journal). In The Tangled Tree, he explains how molecular studies of evolution have brought startling recognitions about the tangled tree of life—including where we humans fit upon it. Thanks to new technologies, we now have the ability to alter even our genetic composition—through sideways insertions, as nature has long been doing. “The Tangled Tree is a source of wonder….Quammen has written a deep and daring intellectual adventure” (The Boston Globe).


Download 101 Good Reasons to Believe PDF

101 Good Reasons to Believe

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Publisher : WestBow Press
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ISBN : 1973609967
Pages : 236 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (973 Download)

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Download 101 Good Reasons to Believe in PDF by James D. Sideras Full Book and published by WestBow Press. This book was released on 2018-01-04 with total page 236 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book presents a strong case for the Christian faith by using scientific evidence and philosophical reasoning. Although an abundance of Christian apologetic textbooks exist, most are not easily accessible because they offer long and scholarly treatments of subject matter that may not appeal to lay readers. This book differs in two ways. First, it presents the case for Christianity in a friendly scholarly prose, which enables readers to plainly understand each reason to believe. Second, these reasons are concisely structured so that within minutes, readers can quickly examine each argument in light of the evidence presented. 101 Good Reasons to Believe is essential reading for theists who wish to strengthen their faith in God and for nontheists who desire to critically investigate the truth claims of the Bible. This book includes topics such as: astronomical evidence for the existence of God, evidence for creation and intelligent design, refutation of Darwinian evolution, the historicity of Jesus, why there is human suffering if God exists, the accuracy of the Bible, and evidence for heaven and hell. The 101 reasons presented make thought-provoking and compelling reading for scholars and non-scholars alike.


Download Artifice and Design PDF

Artifice and Design

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Publisher : Cornell University Press
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ISBN : 0801457025
Pages : 232 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (81 Download)

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Download Artifice and Design in PDF by Barry Allen Full Book and published by Cornell University Press. This book was released on 2011-03-15 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "As familiar and widely appreciated works of modern technology, bridges are a good place to study the relationship between the aesthetic and the technical. Fully engaged technical design is at once aesthetic and structural. In the best work (the best design, the most well made), the look and feel of a device (its aesthetic, perceptual interface) is as important a part of the design problem as its mechanism (the interface of parts and systems). We have no idea how to make something that is merely efficient, a rational instrument blindly indifferent to how it appears. No engineer can design such a thing and none has ever been built."—from Artifice and Design In an intriguing book about the aesthetics of technological objects and the relationship between technical and artistic accomplishment, Barry Allen develops the philosophical implications of a series of interrelated concepts-knowledge, artifact, design, tool, art, and technology-and uses them to explore parallel questions about artistry in technology and technics in art. This may be seen at the heart of Artifice and Design in Allen's discussion of seven bridges: he focuses at length on two New York bridges—the Hell Gate Bridge and the Bayonne Bridge—and makes use of original sources for insight into the designers' ideas about the aesthetic dimensions of their work. Allen starts from the conviction that art and technology must be treated together, as two aspects of a common, technical human nature. The topics covered in Artifice and Design are wide-ranging and interdisciplinary, drawing from evolutionary biology, cognitive psychology, and the history and anthropology of art and technology. The book concludes that it is a mistake to think of art as something subjective, or as an arbitrary social representation, and of Technology as an instrumental form of purposive rationality. "By segregating art and technology," Allen writes, "we divide ourselves against ourselves, casting up self-made obstacles to the ingenuity of art and technology."


Download The Comprehensive Guide to Science and Faith PDF

The Comprehensive Guide to Science and Faith

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Publisher : Harvest House Publishers
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ISBN : 0736977147
Pages : 657 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (736 Download)

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Download The Comprehensive Guide to Science and Faith in PDF by William A. Dembski Full Book and published by Harvest House Publishers. This book was released on 2021-10-05 with total page 657 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Science and Faith Can—and Do—Support Each Other Science and Christianity are often presented as opposites, when in fact the order of the universe and the complexity of life powerfully testify to intelligent design. With this comprehensive resource that includes the latest research, you’ll witness how the findings of scientists provide compelling reasons to acknowledge the mind and presence of a creator. Featuring more than 45 entries by top-caliber experts, you’ll better understand… how scientific concepts like intelligent design are supported by evidence the scientific findings that support the history and accounts found in the Bible the biases that lead to scientific information being presented as a challenge—rather than a complement—to Christianity Whether you’re looking for answers to your own questions or seeking to explain the case for intelligent design to others, The Comprehensive Guide to Science and Faith is an invaluable apologetic tool that will help you explore and analyze the relevant facts, research, and theories in light of biblical truth.


Download Letter to My Christian Family and Friends: Living without God PDF

Letter to My Christian Family and Friends: Living without God

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Publisher : Lulu.com
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ISBN : 1483449122
Pages : 154 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (483 Download)

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Download Letter to My Christian Family and Friends: Living without God in PDF by Darrel Newkirk MD, MPH Full Book and published by Lulu.com. This book was released on 2016-04-04 with total page 154 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Darrel D. Newkirk MD, MPH was a devoted Christian for over 55 years. He believed God was calling him to be a medical missionary and subsequently he and his wife prepared to serve as foreign missionaries. They served 5 years in Zaire, Africa. After returni


Download Biocommunication and Natural Genome Editing PDF

Biocommunication and Natural Genome Editing

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 904813319X
Pages : 213 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (48 Download)

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Download Biocommunication and Natural Genome Editing in PDF by Günther Witzany Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2009-10-20 with total page 213 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: I wrote this book for biologists and those who are interested in both biological affairs in general and perspectives which integrate a large number of specialised biological disciplines. The theory of biocommunication presented herein investigates signal transd- tion processes among cells, tissues, organs and organisms in bacteria, animals (corals and bees), fungi and plants in the light of the current available empirical data. Because life is the central focus of the life sciences, this theory will also focus on typical features of life as opposed to inorganic matter. Because this eld of investigation is based on the methodological primacy of a pragmatic action theory, the book may also be of interest to researchers of lingu- tics, communication sciences and sociology (e.g. plant sociology, animal sociology) who would welcome an overview of these highly specialised biological disciplines. Current molecular biology as well as cell biology investigates its scienti c object by using key terms such as genetic code, code without commas, misre- ing of the genetic code, coding, open reading frame, genetic storage medium DNA, genetic information, genetic alphabet, genetic expression, messenger RNA, ce- to-cell communication, immune response, transcription, translation, nucleic acid language, amino acid language, recognition sequences, recognition sites, protein coding sequences, repeat sequences, signalling, signal transduction, signalling codes, signalling pathways, etc.


Download Reticulate Evolution PDF

Reticulate Evolution

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Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN : 3319163450
Pages : 337 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (319 Download)

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Download Reticulate Evolution in PDF by Nathalie Gontier Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2015-07-09 with total page 337 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Written for non-experts, this volume introduces the mechanisms that underlie reticulate evolution. Chapters are either accompanied with glossaries that explain new terminology or timelines that position pioneering scholars and their major discoveries in their historical contexts. The contributing authors outline the history and original context of discovery of symbiosis, symbiogenesis, lateral gene transfer, hybridization or divergence with gene flow and infectious heredity. By applying key insights from the areas of molecular (phylo)genetics, microbiology, virology, ecology, systematics, immunology, epidemiology and computational science, they demonstrate how reticulate evolution impacts successful survival, fitness and speciation. Reticulate evolution brings forth a challenge to the standard Neo-Darwinian framework, which defines life as the outcome of bifurcation and ramification patterns brought forth by the vertical mechanism of natural selection. Reticulate evolution puts forward a pattern in the tree of life that is characterized by horizontal mergings and lineage crossings induced by symbiosis, symbiogenesis, lateral gene transfer, hybridization or divergence with gene flow and infective heredity, making the “tree of life” look more like a “web of life.” On an epistemological level, the various means by which hereditary material can be transferred horizontally challenges our classic notions of units and levels of evolution, fitness, modes of transmission, linearity, communities and biological individuality. The case studies presented examine topics including the origin of the eukaryotic cell and its organelles through symbiogenesis; the origin of algae through primary and secondary symbiosis and dinoflagellates through tertiary symbiosis; the superorganism and holobiont as units of evolution; how endosymbiosis induces speciation in multicellular life forms; transferrable and non-transferrable plasmids and how they symbiotically interact with their host; the means by which pro- and eukaryotic organisms transfer genes laterally (bacterial transformation, transduction and conjugation as well as transposons and other mobile genetic elements); hybridization and divergence with gene flow in sexually-reproducing individuals; current (human) microbiome and viriome studies that impact our knowledge concerning the evolution of organismal health and acquired immunity; and how symbiosis and symbiogenesis can be modelled in computational evolution.