Download The Great War for Civilisation PDF

The Great War for Civilisation

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Publisher : Knopf
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ISBN :
Pages : 1136 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (39 Download)

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Download The Great War for Civilisation in PDF by Robert Fisk Full Book and published by Knopf. This book was released on 2005 with total page 1136 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A journalist in the Middle East for more than thirty years brings his intimate knowledge of the region to address the recent historical and political events in Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Algeria, Israel, and Lebanon. 25,000 first printing.


Download The First World War in the Middle East PDF

The First World War in the Middle East

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Publisher : Hurst
Release Date :
ISBN : 1849045046
Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (849 Download)

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Download The First World War in the Middle East in PDF by Kristian Coates Ulrichsen Full Book and published by Hurst. This book was released on 2014-06-15 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The First World War in the Middle East is an accessibly written military and social history of the clash of world empires in the Dardanelles, Egypt and Palestine, Mesopotamia, Persia and the Caucasus. Coates Ulrichsen demonstrates how wartime exigencies shaped the parameters of the modern Middle East, and describes and assesses the major campaigns against the Ottoman Empire and Germany involving British and imperial troops from the French and Russian Empires, as well as their Arab and Armenian allies. Also documented are the enormous logistical demands placed on host societies by the Great Powers' conduct of industrialised warfare in hostile terrain. The resulting deepening of imperial penetration, and the extension of state controls across a heterogeneous sprawl of territories, generated a powerful backlash both during and immediately after the war, which played a pivotal role in shaping national identities as the Ottoman Empire was dismembered. This is a multidimensional account of the many seemingly discrete yet interlinked campaigns that resulted in one to one and a half million casualties. It details not just their military outcome but relates them to intelligence-gathering, industrial organisation, authoritarianism and the political economy of empires at war.


Download The End of the Middle East Peace Process PDF

The End of the Middle East Peace Process

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1000595978
Pages : 240 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 ( Download)

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Download The End of the Middle East Peace Process in PDF by Samer Bakkour Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2022-06-23 with total page 240 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Presenting the Middle East peace process as an extension of US foreign policy, this book argues that ongoing interventions justified in the name of ‘peace’ sustain and reproduce hegemonic power. With an interdisciplinary approach, this book questions the conceptualisation and general understanding of the peace process. The author reinterprets regional conflict as an opportunity for the US through which it seeks to achieve regional dominance and control. Engaging with the different stages and components of the peace process, he considers economic, military and political factors which both changed over time and remained constant. This book covers the US role of mediation in the region during the Cold War, the history and present state of US-Israel relations, Syria’s reputation as an opponent of ‘peace’ compared with its participation in peace negotiations, and the Palestinian-Israel conflict with attention to US involvement. The End of the Middle East Peace Process will primarily be of interest to those hoping to gain an improved understanding of key issues, concepts and themes relating to the Arab-Israeli conflict and US intervention in the Middle East. It will also be of value to those with an interest in the practicalities of peacebuilding.


Download A History of the Laws of War: Volume 2 PDF

A History of the Laws of War: Volume 2

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 1847318622
Pages : 324 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (847 Download)

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Download A History of the Laws of War: Volume 2 in PDF by Alexander Gillespie Full Book and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2011-10-07 with total page 324 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This unique new work of reference traces the origins of the modern laws of warfare from the earliest times to the present day. Relying on written records from as far back as 2400 BCE, and using sources ranging from the Bible to Security Council Resolutions, the author pieces together the history of a subject which is almost as old as civilisation itself. The author shows that as long as humanity has been waging wars it has also been trying to find ways of legitimising different forms of combatants and ascribing rules to them, protecting civilians who are either inadvertently or intentionally caught up between them, and controlling the use of particular classes of weapons that may be used in times of conflict. Thus it is that this work is divided into three substantial parts: Volume 1 on the laws affecting combatants and captives; Volume 2 on civilians; and Volume 3 on the law of arms control. This second book on civilians examines four different topics. The first topic deals with the targetting of civilians in times of war. This discussion is one which has been largely governed by the developments of technologies which have allowed projectiles to be discharged over ever greater areas, and attempts to prevent their indiscriminate utilisation have struggled to keep pace. The second topic concerns the destruction of the natural environment, with particular regard to the utilisation of starvation as a method of warfare, and unlike the first topic, this one has rarely changed over thousands of years, although contemporary practices are beginning to represent a clear break from tradition. The third topic is concerned with the long-standing problems of civilians under the occupation of opposing military forces, where the practices of genocide, collective punishments and/or reprisals, and rape have occurred. The final topic in this volume is about the theft or destruction of the property of the enemy, in terms of either pillage or the intentional devastation of the cultural property of the opposition. As a work of reference this set of three books is unrivalled, and will be of immense benefit to scholars and practitioners researching and advising on the laws of warfare. It also tells a story which throws fascinating new light on the history of international law and on the history of warfare itself.


Download The Middle East in Turmoil PDF

The Middle East in Turmoil

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Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release Date :
ISBN : 0313339147
Pages : 227 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (313 Download)

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Download The Middle East in Turmoil in PDF by William Mark Habeeb Full Book and published by ABC-CLIO. This book was released on 2012 with total page 227 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: From Islamic extremism in Algeria to civil war in Iraq, this volume provides in-depth coverage of political and cultural conflict in the Middle East. * Supplies an introductory chapter that describes the critical factors that have shaped Middle East politics over the past half century, providing a lead-in to the complex discussions for non-expert readers * Assesses the potential sources of internal conflicts and division within individual countries or subregions as well as its external conflicts, thereby identifying the links between these internal and external points of contention * Specifically addresses Egypt, the Gulf states, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, the Maghreb, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Yemen in dedicated chapters * Recognizes and explains the prominent role of nonstate actors—including national liberation movements, transnational political movements, militant political parties, and terrorist organizations—and of foreign powers in determining Middle East politics


Download East Asia’s Strategic Advantage in the Middle East PDF

East Asia’s Strategic Advantage in the Middle East

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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
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ISBN : 1793644632
Pages : 191 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (793 Download)

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Download East Asia’s Strategic Advantage in the Middle East in PDF by Shirzad Azad Full Book and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2021-05-07 with total page 191 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This study is comprised of six chapters each of which concentrates on a different aspect of East Asia’s advantageous engagement in contemporary Middle East, scrutinizing various critical factors which helped East Asian nations to benefit significantly from all circumstances favorable to them in those important areas in the region.


Download U.S.A. and the New Middle East PDF

U.S.A. and the New Middle East

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Publisher : Gyan Publishing House
Release Date :
ISBN : 9788121210010
Pages : 396 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (21 Download)

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Download U.S.A. and the New Middle East in PDF by Eddie J. Girdner Full Book and published by Gyan Publishing House. This book was released on 2008 with total page 396 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book argues the pretext US launched a colonialist war on false pretext which was certain to fail. The officials who launched the invasion are war criminals responsible for the death of nearly a million Iraqis, more than 4,000 US soldiers and the wounding of hundreds of thousands more. Justly the US owes Iraq hundred of billions of dollars in war reparations. The US invasion has vastly increased global terrorism, collapsed the dollar and the US economy, and endangered peace both in the Middle East and around the world.


Download Conspiracy Theories in the Arab World PDF

Conspiracy Theories in the Arab World

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1136967508
Pages : 224 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (136 Download)

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Download Conspiracy Theories in the Arab World in PDF by Matthew Gray Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2010-07-12 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Conspiracy theories, while not unique to the Middle East, are a salient feature of the political discourses of the region. Strongly reflecting and impacting on state-society relations and indigenous impressions of the world beyond the region, they affect how political behaviour within and among the states of the region is situated, structured, and controlled. Discounting the common pathological explanation for conspiracism, the author argues that a complex mix of political factors account for most conspiracy theories in the contemporary Arab world. The author argues that the region’s modern history, genuine conspiracies, the complex and oftentimes strained relationship between state and society, the role of the state and the mass media as conspiracy theorists, and the impacts of new technologies have all helped to develop and sustain conspiracist narratives. Drawing on a range of examples and cases, including the impacts of globalization, economic reform, weak state legitimacy, the war in Iraq, the Arab-Israeli issue, the rise of political Islamism, and internet and satellite television, the book illuminates the complex sources of conspiracy theories. Providing a comprehensive overview of this controversial topic, this book will appeal not only to students and scholars interested in Middle East studies, political science, globalization and conspiracy theories, but to anyone seeking an understanding of the region’s complex economic, social, and cultural dynamics.


Download Anglo-Italian Relations in the Middle East, 1922–1940 PDF

Anglo-Italian Relations in the Middle East, 1922–1940

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1317180941
Pages : 246 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (317 Download)

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Download Anglo-Italian Relations in the Middle East, 1922–1940 in PDF by Massimiliano Fiore Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-04-15 with total page 246 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Between 1923 and 1934, Britain and Italy waged war by proxy in the Middle East. Behind the appearance of European collaboration, relations between London and Rome in the Red Sea were notably tense. Although realistically Mussolini could not establish or maintain colonies in the Arabian Peninsula in the face of British opposition, his regime undertook a number of initiatives in the region to enhance Italo-Arab relations and to pave the way for future expansion once the balance of power in Europe had shifted in Italy's favour. This book examines four key aspects of relations between Britain and Italy in the Middle East in the interwar period: the confrontation between London and Rome for political influence among Arab leaders and nationalists; the competition for commercial and trade advantages in the region; the Anglo-Italian propaganda war to win the hearts and minds of the Arab populations; and the secret world of British and Italian espionage and intelligence. An in depth analysis of these four key areas demonstrates how Anglo-Italian relations broke down over the interwar period and enhances our knowledge and understanding of the factors leading up to the widening of the Second World War in the Mediterranean. This book is essential reading for scholars concerned with Anglo-Italian relations, the activities of the Powers in the Middle East and the tensions between the colonial powers.


Download Minority Rights in the Middle East PDF

Minority Rights in the Middle East

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Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date :
ISBN : 0191668877
Pages : 456 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (191 Download)

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Download Minority Rights in the Middle East in PDF by Joshua Castellino Full Book and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2013-04-25 with total page 456 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Within the Middle East there are a wide range of minority groups outside the mainstream religious and ethnic culture. This book provides a detailed examination of their rights as minorities within this region, and their changing status throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The rights of minorities in the Middle East are subject to a range of legal frameworks, having developed in part from Islamic law, and in recent years subject to international human rights law and institutional frameworks. The book examines the context in which minority rights operate within this conflicted region, investigating how minorities engage with (or are excluded from) various sites of power and how state practice in dealing with minorities (often ostensibly based on Islamic authority) intersects with and informs modern constitutionalism and international law. The book identifies who exactly can be classed as a minority group, analysing in detail the different religious and ethnic minorities across the region. The book also pays special attention to the plight of minorities who are spread between various states, often as the result of conflict. It assesses the applicable domestic legislative instruments within the three countries investigated as case studies: Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, and highlights key domestic remedies that could serve as models for ensuring greater social cohesion and greater inclusion of minorities in the political life of these countries.


Download Postcards from the Middle East PDF

Postcards from the Middle East

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Publisher : Lion Books
Release Date :
ISBN : 0745956505
Pages : 121 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (745 Download)

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Download Postcards from the Middle East in PDF by Chris Naylor Full Book and published by Lion Books. This book was released on 2015-03-20 with total page 121 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Newly married, Chris and Susanna Naylor set off for a new life in the Arab world - living first in Kuwait, then Jordan and finally Lebanon. In a region never far from the news, they discovered their expectations - of war, terrorism, desert sand dunes, men in white robes and veiled women, camels and Kalashnikovs, indeed their own reasons for being there - were to be constantly challenged. As they found out, the reality bore little resemblance to their pre-conceptions. Postcards from the Middle East is a tale of love from one family's experiences: a story of work, schooling, friendships, worship and shared family life, lived out in precious communities against a back drop of world-changing events and spectacular scenery. The Naylors had never experienced such hospitality, danger, wildlife spectacles or snow before they moved to the Middle East. Their story provides a multi-coloured window on an extraordinary and rapidly changing Arab world.


Download A History of the Laws of War: Volume 1 PDF

A History of the Laws of War: Volume 1

Author :
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 1847318614
Pages : 278 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (847 Download)

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Download A History of the Laws of War: Volume 1 in PDF by Alexander Gillespie Full Book and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2011-09-06 with total page 278 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This unique new work of reference traces the origins of the modern laws of warfare from the earliest times to the present day. Relying on written records from as far back as 2400 BCE, and using sources ranging from the Bible to Security Council Resolutions, the author pieces together the history of a subject which is almost as old as civilisation itself. The author shows that as long as humanity has been waging wars it has also been trying to find ways of legitimising different forms of combatants and regulating the treatment of captives. This first book on warfare deals with the broad question of whether the patterns of dealing with combatants and captives have changed over the last 5,000 years, and if so, how? In terms of context, the first part of the book is about combatants and those who can 'lawfully' take part in combat. In many regards, this part of the first volume is a series of 'less than ideal' pathways. This is because in an ideal world there would be no combatants because there would be no fighting. Yet as a species we do not live in such a place or even anywhere near it, either historically or in contemporary times. This being so, a second-best alternative has been to attempt to control the size of military forces and, therefore, the bloodshed. This is also not the case by which humanity has worked over the previous centuries. Rather, the clear assumption for thousands of years has been that authorities are allowed to build the size of their armed forces as large as they wish. The restraints that have been applied are in terms of the quality and methods by which combatants are taken. The considerations pertain to questions of biology such as age and sex, geographical considerations such as nationality, and the multiple nuances of informal or formal combatants. These questions have also overlapped with ones of compulsion and whether citizens within a country can be compelled to fight without their consent. Accordingly, for the previous 3,000 years, the question has not been whether there should be a limit on the number of soldiers, but rather who is or is not a lawful combatant. It has rarely been a question of numbers. It has been, and remains, one of type. The second part of this book is about people, typically combatants, captured in battle. It is about what happens to their status as prisoners, about the possibilities of torture, assistance if they are wounded and what happens to their remains should they be killed and their bodies fall into enemy hands. The theme that ties all of these considerations together is that all of the acts befall those who are, to one degree or another, captives of their enemies. As such, they are no longer masters of their own fate. As a work of reference this first volume, as part of a set of three, is unrivalled, and will be of immense benefit to scholars and practitioners researching and advising on the laws of warfare. It also tells a story which throws fascinating new light on the history of international law and on the history of warfare itself.


Download A History of the Laws of War: Volume 3 PDF

A History of the Laws of War: Volume 3

Author :
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 184731841X
Pages : 180 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (847 Download)

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Download A History of the Laws of War: Volume 3 in PDF by Alexander Gillespie Full Book and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2011-10-07 with total page 180 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This unique work of reference traces the origins of the modern laws of warfare from the earliest times to the present day. Relying on written records from as far back as 2400 BCE, and using sources ranging from the Bible to Security Council Resolutions, the author pieces together the history of a subject which is almost as old as civilisation itself. The author shows that as long as humanity has been waging wars it has also been trying to find ways of legitimising different forms of combatants and ascribing rules to them, protecting civilians who are either inadvertently or intentionally caught up between them, and controlling the use of particular classes of weapons that may be used in times of conflict. Thus it is that this work is divided into three substantial parts: Volume 1 on the laws affecting combatants and captives; Volume 2 on civilians; and Volume 3 on the law of arms control. This third volume deals with the question of the control of weaponry, from the Bronze Age to the Nuclear Age. In doing so, it divides into two parts: namely, conventional weapons and Weapons of Mass Destruction. The examination of the history of arms control of conventional weapons begins with the control of weaponry so that one side could achieve a military advantage over another. This pattern, which only began to change centuries after the advent of gunpowder, was later supplemented by ideals to control types of conventional weapons because their impacts upon opposing combatants were inhumane. By the late twentieth century, the concerns over inhumane conventional weapons were being supplemented by concerns over indiscriminate conventional weapons. The focus on indiscriminate weapons, when applied on a mass scale, is the core of the second part of the volume. Weapons of Mass Destruction are primarily weapons of the latter half of the twentieth century. Although both chemical and biological warfare have long historical lineages, it was only after the Second World War that technological developments meant that these weapons could be applied to cause large-scale damage to non-combatants. thi is unlike uclear weapons, which are a truly modern invention. Despite being the newest Weapon of Mass Destruction, they are also the weapon of which most international attention has been applied, although the frameworks by which they were contained in the last century, appear inadequate to address the needs of current times. As a work of reference this set of three books is unrivalled, and will be of immense benefit to scholars and practitioners researching and advising on the laws of warfare. It also tells a story which throws fascinating new light on the history of international law and on the history of warfare itself.


Download The Societies of the Middle East and North Africa PDF

The Societies of the Middle East and North Africa

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1000410412
Pages : 428 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 ( Download)

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Download The Societies of the Middle East and North Africa in PDF by Sean Yom Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-07-22 with total page 428 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The second edition of this well-regarded volume explores the societies of the Middle East and North Africa. Presenting original studies written by the world’s leading MENA scholars, it sheds light upon the organizing structures, human vulnerabilities, and dynamic forces that propel social change among the peoples of the Arab world, as well as Israel, Turkey, and Iran. The volume can be used in conjunction with The Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa textbook for a comprehensive overview of the region. Carrying over from the previous edition, among the rich topics covered are agriculture, urbanization, development, identity, citizenship, gender, religion, civil society, the environment, and youths. This second edition adds two new chapters on refugees and public opinion, as each constitutes a crucial part of the region’s social and cultural context. This edition also updates existing chapters to account for the latest events and trends, including the COVID-19 pandemic, popular protests, and demographic growth. Written in an accessible way, the chapters are clearly structured and contain insightful analysis, memorable case studies, illustrative photographs, and visualized data that illuminate the contours of social life across this diverse region. Each chapter also ends with curated questions for discussion, followed by annotated bibliographies to help spark further research to encourage seamless adoption into classrooms.


Download World War I in Mesopotamia PDF

World War I in Mesopotamia

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 0857725491
Pages : 280 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (857 Download)

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Download World War I in Mesopotamia in PDF by Nadia Atia Full Book and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2015-01-12 with total page 280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Mesopotamian campaign during World War I was a critical moment in Britain's position in the Middle East. With British and British Indian troops fighting in places which have become well-known in the wake of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, such as Basra, the campaign led to the establishment of the British Mandate in Iraq in 1921. Nadia Atia believes that in order to fully understand Britain's policies in creating the nascent state of Iraq, we must first look at how the war shaped Britons' conceptions of the region. Atia does this through a cultural and military history of the changing British perceptions of Mesopotamia since the period before World War I when it was under Ottoman rule. Drawing on a wide variety of historical and literary sources, including the writing of key figures such as Gertrude Bell, Mark Sykes and Arnold Wilson, but focusing mainly on the views and experiences of ordinary men and women whose stories and experiences of the war have less frequently been told, Atia examines the cultural and social legacy of World War I in the Middle East and how this affected British attempts to exert influence in the region.


Download A Companion to the Anthropology of the Middle East PDF

A Companion to the Anthropology of the Middle East

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN : 1118475674
Pages : 568 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (118 Download)

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Download A Companion to the Anthropology of the Middle East in PDF by Soraya Altorki Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2015-04-22 with total page 568 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A Companion to the Anthropology of the Middle East presents a comprehensive overview of current trends and future directions in anthropological research and activism in the modern Middle East. Named as one of Choice's Outstanding Academic Titles of 2016 Offers critical perspectives on the theoretical, methodological, and pedagogical goals of anthropology in the Middle East Analyzes the conditions of cultural and social transformation in the Middle Eastern region and its relations with other areas of the world Features contributions by top experts in various Middle East anthropological specialties Features in-depth coverage of issues drawn from religion, the arts, language, politics, political economy, the law, human rights, multiculturalism, and globalization


Download Untold War PDF

Untold War

Author :
Publisher : BRILL
Release Date :
ISBN : 9004166599
Pages : 469 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (4 Download)

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Download Untold War in PDF by International Society for First World War Studies. Conference Full Book and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2008 with total page 469 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: With chapters on both military and cultural history, this book highlights how the first total war of the twentieth century changed social, cultural and military perceptions to an untold extent."--BOOK JACKET.